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2012-13政府財政預算案摘要 (一般營商人士注意事項)

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支援企業

  • 優化按揭證券公司的中小企融資擔保計劃,提高信貸擔保比率至8成,調低擔保費,由政府提供1,000億元的信貸保證。
  • 香港出口信用保險局推出新的中小企保單條款,容許中小企保戶選擇只投保某些出口地區及買家,並提供保費折扣優惠。
  • 寬免2012-13年度的商業登記費;政府收入會減少19億元。
  • 寬減2011-12年度百分之七十五的利得稅,上限12,000元;政府收入會減少11億2千萬元。
  • 進出口報關費減半,以及取消向本地公司徵收股本註冊費;政府收入每年會減少8億4,000萬元。

保障就業

  • 撥款2億2,000萬元支持建造業議會加強培訓,配合未來基建發展的需要。
  • 僱員再培訓局提供13萬個培訓學額,並為失業及待業人士安排就業掛鈎課程。另有三萬個備用學額,在有需要時推出。
  • 職業訓練局設立國際廚藝學院,預期可於2014-15年度開始招生,每年提供超過2,000個學額。
  • 向「創業展才能」計劃注資1億元,資助非政府機構成立小型企業,聘用殘疾人士。
  • 透過「展翅青見計劃」、「中年就業計劃」及「就業展才能計劃」,每年惠及20,000名人士,開支1億7,500萬元。

紓緩措施

  • 向綜援、高齡津貼及傷殘津貼人士發放額外一個月的津貼。
  • 為公屋租戶代繳兩個月租金。
  • 有需要時增撥1億元延續短期食物援助服務。
  • 向每個電力住宅用戶戶口提供1,800元的電費補貼,預計約250萬用戶受惠。
  • 寬免2012-13年度全年差餉,以每戶每季2,500元為上限,估計近百分之九十的物業不用繳交差餉;政府收入會減少117億元。
  • 寬減2011-12年度百分之七十五的薪俸稅及個人入息課稅,上限12,000元,全港150萬名納稅人受惠;政府收入會減少89億元。
  • 提供多項稅務優惠,包括:增加基本免稅額至120,000元及已婚人士免稅額至240,000元;供養60歲或以上父母或祖父母的免稅額增加至38,000元;增加每名子女的免稅額至63,000元;增加供養兄弟姊妹的免稅額至33,000元;增加傷殘受養人免稅額至66,000元;延長居所貸款利息扣除年期至15個課稅年度;以及向強積金計劃支付強制性供款的最高扣稅額增加至15,000元。以上措施將令政府每年的稅收減少近35億元。
  • 容許所有在2012年完成課程的學生貸款人,可以選擇在完成課程一年後才開始償還學生貸款,以紓緩他們畢業初期的財政負擔。

推動產業發展

  • 進一步發展債券市場,再發行一次不多於100億元的通脹掛鈎債券。
  • 撥款1億5,000萬元,延長「盛事基金」運作五年。
  • 提高「投資研發現金回贈計劃」的現金回贈、「小型企業研究資助計劃」的項目資助上限和「實習研究員計劃」的每月津貼。
  • 推出措施,鼓勵利用工廈和工業用地作數據中心之用。
  • 撥款10億元,設立專項基金,協助香港企業發展內地市場。
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